These techniques will require lots of practice before mastering the art of making fire with natural objects found within your environment. The three most common ways to produce fire naturally include the following methods:
Hand Drill – This method requires you to collect two pieces of dried wood. The Drill piece needs to be about 10 inches long, about an inch or so wide, straight, a hardwood, and cylinder shaped. The base for the hand drill needs to be a semi-flat, soft wood, and be large enough not to move while using the drill. A slab of bark from a fallen tree often works well for a base. Whittle down one end of the piece designated as the drill into a curved point. Also whittle down a small impression into the base approximately the same size. Place the curved action end of the drill into the impression into the slab and starting from the top and working down, apply pressure downward moving your hands back and forth from top to bottom. You can also put a pinch of sand within the impression to help increase friction. If you don’t have any success then you can relocate another notch within the base to try a different portion of the slab. You can also try cutting a triangle shaped notch out of one of the sides of the slab and then making another impression right where the point of the triangle intersects. This will help introduce more oxygen to the hand drill helping increase the likelihood of producing fire. Continue using the hand drill and increase the speed of moving your hands back and forth more aggressively until you get signs of smoke or hot embers.
Fire Bow – This method requires you to collect three pieces of lumber and a smooth rock. The base and drill for the fire bow are the same as used by the hand drill listed above. The main difference here is that you are going to assemble another tool which will resemble a miniature bow. Locate a slightly curved stick and stretch cordage from one end to the other with just enough slack left between the two ends to wrap the drill in a fashion where moving the bow back and forth will turn the drill. Now, find a rock that is approximately the size of your palm, is fairly smooth, and has a slight indention on one side so that the top of the drill will stay in place easily. Next, place the curved action end of the drill down into the impression on the slab. Then, place the rock on top of the other end of the drill and apply pressure. Now move the bow back and forth while still applying pressure to the drill with the rock. Continue to do so and speed up the rhythm of moving the bow back and forth more aggressively until you get signs of smoke or hot embers. Once again, you can add a pinch of sand to the impression on the slab in order to help increase friction.
Wood/Fire Plow – This technique often reminds people of using a sanding wedge. It will require the same slab and drill that are used for both the hand drill and fire bow methods. However, instead of notching out an impression into the slab to insert the drill vertically, you will need to cut a trench to run the length of the slab or about 6 inches. Now while applying pressure and holding the drill at an angle, push it front to back in a fast pace to create friction. Small bits of wood that will resemble saw dust will start to form at the drills stopping point. Try a combination of stroke lengths starting at around 3 inches long and work your way down to as little as an inch worth of movement or until signs of smoke become visible.